What Are The 4 Basic Rules For Medication Administration?

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Oral route.

Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets.

Injection routes.

Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: …

Sublingual and buccal routes.

Rectal route.

Vaginal route.

Ocular route.

Otic route.

Nasal route.More items….

What is a general rule for drug administration?

Following the basic rule coupled with the “8 rights of medication administration” — right patient, right dose, right medication, right route, right time, right reason, right response and right documentation — can help you avoid medication administration errors.

What are the 10 rights?

Bill of Rights – The Really Brief Version1Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.7Right of trial by jury in civil cases.8Freedom from excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishments.9Other rights of the people.10Powers reserved to the states.5 more rows

How do you explain drugs to patients?

However, if you prescribe the medication, explain why you chose that specific medication. Tell them how the medicine will improve their blood pressure. Tell them what effects to notice and how long until they appear. Explain to your patients what side effects are normal and which ones are abnormal.

What are the 5 rules for the administration of medication?

One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “five rights”: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.

What 4 Things Must doctors know before administering a drug?

Tips for Safe Medication AdministrationThe right dose.The right medication.The right patient.The right route.The right time.

What does administering medication mean?

Administration of medicines is one, all, or a combination of the care worker doing the following: Deciding which medicine(s) have to be taken or applied and when this should be done. being responsible for selecting the medicines.

What are the 7 rights of a patient?

To ensure safe medication preparation and administration, nurses are trained to practice the “7 rights” of medication administration: right patient, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, right reason and right documentation [12, 13].

What are the steps for medication administration?

Rights of Medication AdministrationRight patient. Check the name on the order and the patient. … Right medication. Check the medication label. … Right dose. Check the order. … Right route. Again, check the order and appropriateness of the route ordered. … Right time. Check the frequency of the ordered medication. … Right documentation. … Right reason. … Right response.May 27, 2011

What is the first thing you must do prior to administration of any medication?

Read the medication order carefully. Make sure that the medication name on the order matches the medication name on the label. Read the medication log carefully. Make sure that the medication name on the label, the medication order and medication log match before giving the medication.

What are the six ways to administer medication?

Methods to Administer DrugsIntravenous (IV) (into a vein)Oral (by mouth)Intramuscular (IM) injection (into a muscle)Subcutaneous (SC) injection (under the skin)Intrathecal Therapy (within the spinal canal)

How can I improve my medication administration skills?

The Importance of Medication Administration: 5 Ways to ImproveAssess the work environment. Medication administration mistakes and other safety issues can increase when certain work environment conditions are present. … Implement medication safety technologies. … Educate patients and caregivers. … Implement strategies for “LASA” drugs. … Take extra precaution with “high alert” medications.Mar 13, 2019

What is the 10 rights of medication administration?

The essential concepts for PRN medication training are the 10 “rights” of medicines management: right patient, right reason, right drug, right route, right time, right dose, right form, right action, right documentation and right response [85] .

How many times should a medication be checked prior to administration?

But, it’s not only critical to ensure this information is correct, you should check three times: The first check is when the medications are pulled or retrieved from the automated dispensing machine, the medication drawer, or whatever system is in place at a given institution.

How do you do a proper narcotic count?

Narcotics should be counted at the beginning and end of the day by 2 RN’s….Narcotic countsIn our facility two RNs count at the beginning of the day and at the end of the day.Any time narcotics are added to stock, two RNs first verify the existing count and then add the drugs and co-sign.More items…•Feb 21, 2013

What must you read before administering medication in your workplace?

Documentation, confidentiality and record keeping Records should include possible side-effects and tie in with overall standard operating procedures in the event of an emergency. Times of dispensing, dosage amount and other relevant notes for each patient need to be kept up to date to ensure risk is minimised.

How do you ensure medication safety?

Start with the basicsVerify any medication order and make sure it’s complete. … Check the patient’s medical record for an allergy or contraindication to the prescribed medication. … Prepare medications for one patient at a time.Educate patients about their medications. … Follow the eight rights of medication administration.May 9, 2016

Can you refuse medication in a mental hospital?

You can refuse any type of medical or mental health treatment, including medications; unless the situation is an emergency (see the “Definitions” section of this handbook for emergency treatment).

What is one of your main responsibilities in medication administration?

Prepare and administer medications, using rights of medication administration. … Administer and document medications given by common routes (e.g., oral, topical) Administer and document medications given by parenteral routes (e.g., intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous) Participate in medication reconciliation process.

What are the 3 safety checks of medication administration?

WHAT ARE THE THREE CHECKS? Checking the: – Name of the person; – Strength and dosage; and – Frequency against the: Medical order; • MAR; AND • Medication container.