Question: Why Is The Oral Route Of Administration Safer?

Why is oral route preferred?

The oral administration route is preferred over the various other administration routes of drug delivery due to the many advantages it exhibits.

These advantages include safety, good patient compliance, ease of ingestion, pain avoidance, and versatility to accommodate various types of drugs (Sastry et al., 2000)..

What is the safest route of drug administration?

1. The oral route of administration is the safest, most economical and the most convenient way of giving medicines. The dosage forms of the oral route include Tablets, Capsules, Powders, Mixtures, Emulsions and Gels. Most drugs are absorbed from small intestine but some are absorbed from stomach and colon.

What is the disadvantage of oral route?

Although solid-dose forms such as tablets and capsules have a high degree of drug stability and provide accurate dosage, the oral route is problematic because of the unpredictable nature of gastrointestinal absorption.

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What is oral route?

Oral administration is a route of administration where a substance is taken through the mouth. Per os abbreviated to P.O. is sometimes used as a direction for medication to be taken orally.

Does a drug’s route of administration matter?

Why Medication Administration Routes Matter If the drug’s efficacy will be affected by stomach acid, the medication cannot be taken orally. When a medication needs to be absorbed faster or slower, that may change how it’s delivered. The molecular structure of a medication matters too.

What is oral drug?

They come as solid tablets, capsules, chewable tablets or lozenges to be swallowed whole or sucked on, or as drinkable liquids such as drops, syrups or solutions. In most cases, the ingredients in oral medication don’t enter the bloodstream until they reach the stomach or bowel.

What are the common injectable routes of administration?

Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes:Subcutaneous (under the skin)Intramuscular (in a muscle)Intravenous (in a vein)Intrathecal (around the spinal cord)

What is a general rule for drug administration?

Following the basic rule coupled with the “8 rights of medication administration” — right patient, right dose, right medication, right route, right time, right reason, right response and right documentation — can help you avoid medication administration errors.

What are advantages of IV route over oral route of drug administration?

Drugs that are poorly absorbed, inactive or ineffective if given orally can be given by this route. The intravenous route provides immediate onset of action. The intramuscular and subcutaneous routes can be used to achieve slow or delayed onset of action. Patient compliance problems are largely avoided .

What is the fastest route of absorption for a drug?

inhalationThe fastest route of absorption is inhalation, and not as mistakenly considered the intravenous administration. Absorption is a primary focus in drug development and medicinal chemistry, since a drug must be absorbed before any medicinal effects can take place.

Is sublingual faster than oral?

Peak blood levels of most products administered sublingually are achieved within 10‐15 minutes, which is generally much faster than when those same drugs are ingested orally. Sublingual absorption is efficient.

Why is oral administration of a medication the most desirable route?

Oral drug delivery (ODD) is the most preferred and convenient route of drug administration due to high patient compliance, cost-effectiveness, least sterility constraints, flexibility in the design of dosage form and ease of production.

What are some disadvantages of oral administration?

Disadvantages of the Oral RouteDrug absorption may vary. … Subject to first-pass metabolism.Oral route not possible in unconscious patients.Unsuitable in patients who are vomiting.Slow onset of action.The drug may be destroyed by digestive enzymes and/or stomach acid.Oct 1, 2020

What is the slowest route of administration?

Subcutaneous (SC) The absoroption of subcutaneous injections is slower than that of IV route and it needs absorption similar to Intramuscular injection.

What are the 4 basic rules for medication administration?

The “rights” of medication administration include right patient, right drug, right time, right route, and right dose. These rights are critical for nurses.

Which is faster IM or IV?

While IV opioids have the fastest onset times (Morphine: 5 – 10 minutes), IM and SQ routes are options when IV access is a barrier to administration.

How is the route of administration of medication determined?

Routes of administration are generally classified by the location at which the substance is applied. Common examples include oral and intravenous administration. Routes can also be classified based on where the target of action is.